Propaganda against the Battleship Island


【History of the Battleship Island】
The original name of the Battleship Island(Gunkanjima) is Hashima. The island located in the sea about 18 km from Nagasaki Port and as its shape looks like a battleship,it came to be called the Battleship Island.
Coals were discovered in 1810 there and mining started in 1870.
The population also increased sharply,and the construction of high-rise apartments of Japan's first reinforced concrete began in 1915 in order to respond to it.
In order to accommodate a lot of people on a narrow land they had to pile the buildings but at that time Hashima surpassed Ginza in Tokyo and was like Japanese Manhattan.
Commercial facilities were also substantial and it was possible to get nearly all the daily necessities and foods within the island.
There were also entertainment facilities such as restaurants,movie theater and even brothels.
Except crematory and cemetery,everything necessary for life were all on this island and its living level definitely exceeded the Japanese mainland.
Hashima closed down in 1974 and became an uninhabited island, but not only coal mining relations but all the living facilities of that time remain there and that the coal mine heritage existing in such a form is extremely rare in the world.
For this reason, an exercise to register Hashima as a World Cultural Heritage occurred and in August 2003, NPO to make Hashima a world heritage was established.
In July 2015, the "Sites of Japan's Meiji Industrial Revolution" including Hashima Coal Mine were registered as UNESCO's World Cultural Heritage, but in connection with this, the South Korean government and the civil organizations united together in order to promote propaganda that "The Battleship Island(Hashima) is Hell Island like Auschwitz where many Koreans were abused and massacred" which is total fiction(actually Korean laborers worked with the same salary and conditions as Japanese laborers).
This kind of tremendous negative campaign and obstruction lobbying activities were developed by Koreans.
Even after its registration, Koreans keep spreading the propaganda through movie and others to the world in order to damage its heritage value.
Koreans can not put up with that Japan is evaluated in the world.
Their ultimate purpose is retaliation for Japan's annexation and rule of Korea in the past.
In South Korea, much more extreme anti-Japanese education is carried out from the stage of kindergarten than in China and North Korea.
And those who believe in propaganda that "Japan dominated Korea in the most cruel way in the world" want to rule Japan and abuse Japanese people in the same way, but now it is impossible .That's why Koreans promote all kinds of propaganda to the world as a substitute act and taking their revenge on Japan.

【South Korea's obstructive activities against Japan's UNESCO World Cultural Heritage Registration】
After Japan applied to it, the Korean government insisted that Korean forced laborers were mobilized to some of the sites among the 23 serial nominations, strongly opposed to the registration.
In particular, concerning the Battleship Island which has been in the limelight, the Korean government united with private anti-Japanese groups in order to carry out lobbying and negative campaign toward government officials of participating nations and international media in Germany where the UNESCO's judgment would be held.

Korean group's obstruction against the 2020 Tokyo Olympics bid campaign

[South Korean citizen organization on negative campaign in Bonn,Germany]

[Flyer made by the citizen organization]
They spread a lie that many Korean laborers were abused and killed on the "Battleship Island" calling it a hell island like Auschwitz to prevent it from being registered as UNESCO's World Cultural Heritage.
However,they stole the photo from the article(right) of Japanese "Asahikawa Shimbun(newspaper)" dated September 9, 1926, which has nothing to do with Koreans, reporting the abused Japanese laborers.
They also handed other materials unrelated to the Battleship Island to the UNESCO's selection committees.
Koreans have no hesitation for forgery in order to achieve their purpose.


[Korean organizations protesting in Nagasaki]

Beforehand,the Japanese government admitted a fact that there were conscripted Korean laborers by the the National Requisition Ordinance but there were no Koreans who were conscripted during the Meiji era (1868-1912), which is the application period of the Cultural Heritage (Korea was annexed in 1910 and Koreans became Japanese citizens and the conscription era in Korea is substantially from September 1944 to March 1945).
And Japan repeatedly tried to persuade Korea by telling that all the Korean people had Japanese nationality during the annexation era and it is not a violation of international law for Japan to mobilize its own people for the military industry,and that there was no slave like treatment to call "forced labor" as claimed by the Korean side(Conscription was conducted in Japan from 1939 until the end of the war, and from September 1944 to March 1945 in the Korean Peninsula).
Ultimately, on the occasion of Japan 's Foreign Minister Kishida Fumio and Korea's Foreign Minister Yun Byung-se to talk with each other, it was decided that Korea would approve the Japan's registration on the condition that Japan would also approve the registration of "Baekje District" applied by Korea.

[Then Korea's Foreign Minister Yun Byung-se]

Thus,the settlement with mutual recognition between the two foreign ministers was reported both in Japan and Korea.
However, after Japan approved Korea's registration of the Baekje District,at the stage of the registration vote for Japan, Korea suddenly broke the agreement of the mutual recognition, demanded Japan to state "forced labor" as a condition of the approval. Japan protested Korea's destruction of the agreement, but in approaching the time of the vote, Japan's Ambassador Sato Kuni who was strictly directed from the Japanese government to register it to the World Cultural Heritage, compromised and accepted the expression "forced to work" instead of "forced labor" and the establishment of facility to explain it.
Immediately, this easy compromise was criticized from all over Japan.
Prime Minister Abe Shinzo and Foreign Minister Kishida explained that the expression "forced to work" does not mean the same as "forced labor",and the view was also stated on the website of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs .
However,all the media in the world reported the unilateral Korea's assertion and that the Japanese government acknowledged forced labor.
The view of the Japanese government is like "the Japanese representative only acknowledged the expression 'forced to work', it does not mean 'forced labor' (in Korean assertion). Because generally conscripted workers are mobilized and forced to work against their own will,but the conscription of fellow countrymen(Koreans were Japanese at that time) by the National Requisition Ordinance is legal, it is also excluded from the application of the 'Forced Labor Convention' of the International Labour Organization(Otherwise, the current Korean conscription system is also illegal)".
However, none of the overseas media mentioned on the theory.

[English summary of Kato Koko's testimony who attended the World Heritage Committee at that time as a civilian coordinator of the Japanese side]
"~In this World Heritage register,ICOMOS of the appraisal agency issued a registration recommendation but the Korean government protested the assessment~As I had received the work guidelines for implementing the World Heritage Convention and the opinion of World Heritage experts at that time,I never thought there would be any troubles after the registration recommendation was issued by the ICOMOS~However,when I arrived at the venue of the World Heritage Committee ,I was shocked that the venue was surrounded by Korean citizen groups and the participants were at the mercy of propaganda distributed by the civic groups. At a meeting between Germany and the Japanese side there was also a remark to compare Japanese wartime work sites with Auschwitz. Even German committee members and chairperson of the host country seemed to have received this propaganda truly. The commencement of the deliberation was behind schedule. After all, there was no blessing from the participating governments including the German chairperson, and the atmosphere inside the place was dominated by the Korean government. In such an atmosphere I was mortified listening to the remarks of the Japanese government while thinking about the faces of citizens and local governments who worked together for 16 years until the registration~Materials mass distributed by the Korean citizen groups at the venue were booklet written as "Stolen country,Abducted people", pamphlet written as "Wake Up! UNESCO,Wake Up! World ,Wake Up! Mankind" ,and in the statement titled "Can UNESCO put up with pangs of conscience?",photographs that recall the slave labor during the wartime were posted. Despite the absence of genuineness, the impression that "Hashima is Hell island" was spread all over the world at a stroke through the photographs~Thus at the venue of the World Heritage Committee in Bonn, the labor of the people from the Korean Peninsula in Hashima Coal Mine spread as if it was a dark part of the history".

[Then Japan's Foreign Minister Kishida Fumio making an excuse to the Japanese media]

[Interview of Foreign Minister Kishida stated on the homepage of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Japan]
Kojima, NHK: My question concerns the World Heritage issue. Some ROK media reports are suggesting that there was forced labor, and I would like to confirm whether the term “forced to work” has been confirmed between the Governments of Japan and the ROK. I assume it was confirmed in English, but could you explain this matter once again, please?
Minister Kishida: To begin with, the “forced to work” part that you refer to was used to describe the requisition that took place based on the National Requisition Ordinance at the time, and my understanding is it does not includes any new content.
This statement does not recognize that there was forced labor, but articulated the recognition that the Government of Japan has held hitherto. There is no change whatsoever to the position that the issues relating to property and claims between Japan and the ROK, including the issue of requisitioned workers from the Korean Peninsula, have been settled completely and finally by the Claims Settlement and Economic Co-operation Agreement of 1965, which was concluded on the occasion of the normalization of the relationship between Japan and the ROK.
Furthermore, through our diplomatic exchanges with the Government of the ROK, it is our understanding that the Government of the ROK has no intention to utilize the statement by the representative of the Government of Japan in the context of the issue of claims between Japan and ROK, which was confirmed at a high level.
Nanjo, Sankei Shimbun: You stated now that the ROK has no intention of utilizing the statement in the context of the issue of claims between Japan and ROK. However, to look at that another way, is it not possible to interpret this as a promise from the Government of the ROK not to utilize the issue of claims in the requisition problem in the future? Since I do not know the content of the high-level negotiations, could you please give your view on this?
Minister Kishida: In any event, the specific exchanges were diplomatic exchanges, so I must refrain from commenting. There is no change whatsoever to the position of the Government of Japan that the issues relating to property and claims between Japan and the ROK have been settled completely and finally. And the diplomatic exchanges were also made as I said earlier. I would like to refrain from commenting on each and every detail here today.


【Genealogy of the Battleship Island Propaganda】
The Korean Battleship Island propaganda has been activated since 2003, after a novel titled "Crow" was published by Han Susan who is a novelist and university professor(He says he gave the title "Crow" because the crows flocked and ate Korean dead bodies thrown away by Japanese and the novel was reissued with the title of "Battleship Island" in 2016 after revision).

This book is contrary to the historical facts and full of fiction such as that the Korean coal miners forcibly taken to Hashima were tortured. Then they upraised, and after escaped from there, became the victims of the atomic bomb.
On the basis of this, the Koreans made various history forges, many books and films were made, and along with it, elderly people appeared as the forced labor victims of the Battleship Island, talking about their horrible "experiences" in front of the Korean media(it is the same pattern as the comfort women issue in a sense that many of the "victims" started to appear inspired by fiction).
In response to it, activities for supporting the Korean "victims" also became active from the Japanese liberal groups.

【Propaganda support from Japanese】
As an easy-to-understand example, the Japan Communist Party's affiliated organization "Association for Protecting Human Rights of Zainichi(Japan-born)-Koreans in Nagasaki" published a book "Lending Your Ears to Gunkanjima" in 2011.

[Ex-Hashima Islanders verify the book]

They develop their own claims by uniquely analyzing the testimonies of the self-stated Korean laborers forcibly taken to the Hashima coal mine and "cremation permit" which they found and brought out from Hashima after it was closed.
However, in the book, there is no verification of the Koreans' testimonies that have a lot of questions and contradictions.
Without showing any evidence or sources, they say like "it is presumed that a total of 20 (Korean) victims, almost all of them were lynched and killed by the Japanese laborers and supervisors. We are confident that this speculation is almost not wrong ".
And they keep on developing their assertions based on inference and desire.
Moreover there is a Korean testimony that "I kept digging a narrow layer of about 60 centimeters with a pickax, only wearing a fundoshi(traditional Japanese loincloth)".
But if you consider then situation of Hashima,it should be considered as a perjury.
Indeed, until the 1920s before the mechanization, in the coal mines in Japan, ventilation was bad, coal miners worked with a pickax only with shorts on due to the heat, but by 1936, the world's most advanced technology was introduced in Hashima and the temperature inside the pit was at most 35 degrees. . There are no coal miners who have digged just with a pickax in a state close to naked during wartime.

[Report of Nagasaki Nichinichi Shimbun,February 28,1941]
"I got down to the ground with a 50-person elevator~ About 600 meters underground,there is somewhat damp, but thanks to electricity it is bright like daytime. The streamlined train tows a dozens of charcoal carts,running with tremendous momentum~The coal mine reminds pickax, but the times goes by quickly, and here they are digging mainly with an electric-based drilling tool.At first glance, it seems easy, but you have to take the coal so as not to collapse, so you need substantial skill.
Looking at those loading charcoal in carts, those making tunnels, and those carrying charcoal carts, I understood the hardships of the coal miners. But they have become totally black,engage in tasks silently. A big groan of the dynamo. This is the sound of a motor that eliminates groundwater. Even though it is 600 meters underground, there is no problem with breathing and it does not smell of gas because it constantly takes in fresh air from the ground with an ideal ventilator. Because they are using the power of science for everything,I do not feel danger here. Of course, even all inexperienced workers are willing to work. "

Reference Page;The Battleship Island:Were Koreans Laborers Unhappy?

[Reference Pictures]
Commemorative picture of coal miners from the Korean Peninsula who got a job at Beppo Coal Mine in Hokkaido in 1939.Here, a total of 800 Korean applicants were recruited.
By around this time,companies often provided uniforms to coal miners.


Memorial photograph at Hojo Coal Mine in Fukuoka next to Nagasaki.
Korean coal miners and Japanese female clerks (Tanaka Yoshiko on the right back presented this photo to Japanese media to testify that the Koreans were getting along with the Japanese at that time).


Japanese female coal miners of Chikuho coal mine in Fukuoka.
Because many men were mobilized to war, some women worked there.


Thank-you monument for Kaijima coal mine in Fukuoka.
Korean coal miners who had worked until the closing of the coal mine donated it with grateful feelings before returning home.The names of the Korean donors are engraved.

Reference page;Research of Korean Labor System under Japanese Rule
Reference page;So-called "Korean forced labor" trials
Reference page:The Reality of Korean Forced Labor and Mobilization to Japan

As a matter of fact,there is a famous photo that matches this testimony. It is a photo of a Japanese coal miner of the Chikuho coal mine in Fukuoka taken after the war.
This photograph is contained in a photograph collection titled "100 Years of Chikuho Coal Mine to See with the Eyes", but in Korea, the media and scholars still use it as a photo of a Korean forced laborer ignoring the indications from the Japanese.
Perhaps, the testimony seems to be fabricated based on the image of this photograph.
By the way,while there are testimonies that "I have never received a wage, my memory is certain", "I could not go out to eat or drink,because they didn't pay me",there is a contradictory testimony in the same book like " My wages ranged from 60 yen to 90 yen, since the wages went up as I became a skilled worker,I used to send money to my family in Korea".

[Photo of a Japanese coal miner]
This is often used as a Korean forced laborer,especially of Hashima.

[Korea's Evidence Forgery]

In addition, they analyzed the cremation permit, and as a result, stated "Korean mortality rate is higher than Japanese, because Koreans were forced to do dangerous work ", "4 or 5 people were killed in cave-in accident every month. It was the coal mine without safty like that".
However, According to the statistics of the "Nagasaki Prefecture Coal Mine History Chronology" that is stored in the National Diet Library, between 1935 and 1944, only 7 accidents of cave-in and gas explosion occurred in which laborers got killed.
When it comes to the number of deaths,there are 28 Japanese victims and 9 Korean victims. And all of the 9 Koreans were killed in gas explosion in 1935.
Additionally, in the book,it is stated that 2 Koreans were killed in the "rope cutting accident" in June 1943,but the accident can not be found not only in the chronology but also in any materials.

[Takazane Yasunori (died in 2017) explaining at the museum]

"Oka Masaharu Memorial Nagasaki Peace Museum" filled with intense anti-Japanese ideology was established by the representative of the "Association for Protecting Human Rights of Zainichi(Japan-born)-Koreans in Nagasaki",Takazane Yasunori,who was a professor emeritus at Nagasaki University, following in the footsteps of Oka who was a peace activist and a pastor.
This is a member of the war museum network led by China, and many visitors come from both Japan and overseas.
And staff members are proud of spreading anti-Japanese propaganda in English and other languages to foreigners who are not knowledgeable, showing fabricated exhibits and materials.


[Ex-Hashima Islanders refering to the pamphlets by Oka Masaharu Peace Museum]

Besides the "Lending Your Ears to Gunkanjima", there are some other Japanese books that gave a great influence to the formation of Korean propaganda such as "Chikuho-Gunkanjima;Conscription of Korean Workers and After"(2010) published by a Japanese socialist reportage writer and organizer of Arirang Bunko(library) Hayashi Eidai(died in 2017).

[Hayashi Eidai and his book "Chikuho-Gunkanjima"]

In the book, Hayashi stated a lot of absurd stories such as "During the war, war veterans with a gun monitored the fugitives"," Because the forced laborers went on strike, the coal mining company requested the dispatch of troops and the fierce battle had occurred between the army and the forced laborers".
However, there was no surveillance system in Hashima,some Koreans say that they used to swim in the sea on holidays, and to go out for drinking after work. They were even free to go to a Korean brothel named "Yoshida-ya".
Also there was no incident that needed dispatch of military.
In Hashima, there was only a police box with a couple of police officers dispatched from Nagasaki Prefectural Police and a small cell, and all the incidents could be managed by them.

[Article of Nagasaki Nichinichi Shimbun, October 13,1942]
"A Sumo competition and flag-taking championship were held to encourage and entertain Korean workers. The events were planned by Ainoura police station and co-hosted by the Patriotic Federation of Industries and the Japan-Korea Harmonization Association.
During November 28 and 29,the Japan-Korea Harmonization Association will organize recreational events for encouraging Korean workers employed in various mines throughout the district.Movies,magic shows and acrobatics will be performed by itinerant troupes in programs aimed at promoting education and training through arts and performances."


[Ex-Isdandrs protesting the book of Hayashi Eidai Part1]

[Ex-Islanders protesting the book of Hayashi Eidai Part2]

【Korean Propaganda Campaign for Children】
In South Korea, kindergarten children are taught to sing "Dokdo is our territory" which is a song about Japanese territory Takeshima(Korean name Dokdo), where Korea keeps illegal military occupation.
And in elementary school, students learn that former comfort women are the victims of Japan's sexual slavery(the fact is they were battlefield prostitutes who had gained high wages).
The Korean government, media, educational institutions and others try to brainwash the infants with all kinds of anti-Japanese propaganda and picture book is the most effective tool.
Speaking of a picture book on the Battleship Island, "A Shameful World Cultural Heritage-Gunkanjima" published in 2016 is too much grotesque for the infants to see (and of course all the stories there are lies).
Synopsis of this picture book is that a 12-year-old boy is kidnapped to the hell-like Battleship Island,and is forced to dig coals for Japan's militarism at 1,000 meters underground in a 45-degree burning heat with other Korean boys(In reality,there was a factory law at that time, and it was forbidden to work in coal mines under 16 years old. The youngest Korean coal miners confirmed in the documenst are also 16 years old).
The boys are trapped in the prison, given only a handful of rice ball, and forced to work for 12 hours.
And the dead bodies of the boys who were tortured and killed are thrown away.
At last,the main character boy is killed in a gas explosion and the other boys die due to radioactivity as they were forced to clean up Nagasaki after the atomic bomb was dropped. In addition, as a commentary for children, there is even a statement that Japan cheated Korean youths,took them away by force and shot killed deserters.

[A Shameful World Cultural Heritage-Gunkanjima]

[Ex-Hashima Islanders refering to the book]

Also in the fairy tale "The Island of Hell,The Battleship Island" ,there are descriptions like "Japs came up in a truck and kidnapped Korean people randomly, including children".
There,the boy of the main character and his parents are forcibly taken to Hashima,his father dies there,and he escapes from the hell island seeing many Koreans tortured and killed,and finally he can meet his mother alive again.
It is such a traumatic fairy tale.
And on the back cover of this fairy tale, professor Seo Kyung-Duk of Sungshing Women's Universuty who is one of the most extreme anti-Japanese activists gives a recommendation message "This book will be a good guide for our children to know the truth of history" .
Following these early childhood processes, Koreans embrace the strong hatred towards Japanese people and grow up to be fine patriots.
All Korean history education is such absurd fiction, but surprisingly the people who receive intense anti-Japanese education from early childhood go converting all the fiction into a historical fact in their mind.
As for Korean mentality, there is no difference at all between South and North.
There is no effect how much Japanese present the physical evidence since they never accept it and make another lie for counter attack.
This is one of the biggest causes of never-ending history issues between Japan and Korea.

【Rebuttal and Verification of Movie "The Battleship Island"】

The South Korean movie "The Battleship Island"(2017) is the completed version expanding the image of which self-stated forced laborers have testified referring the books published in both Korea and Japan to the maximum extent.
This major film for which a lot of Korean popular actors were mobilized was not released only to the public throughout the world.
It is also being shown to the foreign government officials , media in many places such as Paris where UNESCO is headquartered by the Korean government officials and private organizations as a means to appeal the Japanese cruelty.
Furthermore, anti-Japanese movies including this are screened for protests and brainwashing toward Japanese in the flights of South Korea's Asiana Airlines between Korea and Japan. This is a culmination of Han(Korean ethnic resentment) against Japan.
In response to the criticism of history fabrication from the Japanese media, the movie director Ryoo Seung-wan said "The movie has 'non-fictional' element" and inserted a subtitle" This is based on the fact " in the movie .
He also said in a program of Korean TV station MBC such as "It is based on a lot of testimonies of people I interviewed" "There are materials without suspicion of facts" "The film set is based on thorough historical investigation ".
Moreover a Korean actor Song Joong-ki who played a role as the hero in this movie was asked at the press conference whether this film's appearance would have a negative influence on his popularity in Japan,and said "I have learned history through it" "I felt the weight of the history based on the true story,so I don't mind. I stately played the role".
In this way,the director and the main actor emphasized the" history of truth ".
However none of the episodes can not be confirmed in then document,record and supplemental testimony.
Now Let's see the "history of truth" in thier allegation.

[Korean actor Song Joong-ki]

In this film, Korean forced laborers and comfort women (here they are portrayed as sex slaves in Korean historical view) are packed in the ship 's bottom and brought to Japan. Upon arriving at Hashima, they are subjected to a physical examination, and personal property is confiscated.
Thus the movie gives the audience an image that Hashima is a camp like Auschwitz.
Young girl who is a daughter of an orchestra leader is pulled away from her father in order to be sex slave.
This girl is acted by a popular Korean child actress, and it is a direction to amplify the anger of Koreans. However, such young comfort women did not exist at all.
In reality, there were three brothels in Hashima. "Honda-ya" and "Morimoto-ya" had Japanese women and Korean-owned "Yoshida-ya" had Korean women , and Korean men mainly went to "Yoshida-ya". Of course, all the women were professional prostitutes, not sex slaves.
The forced laborers are treated in discrimination and abuse from the Japanese, given only garbage-like food with cockroach in it and room with gushing of sewage,but in reality,when it comes to the residence,Japanese or Koreans,good rooms were provided according to the length of their service. Even in the book "Chikuho-Gunkanjima",there is a statement like "Kang and his wife tried to start a newly-married life at Hashima, but two Korean couples were already waiting for their residence.So they lived in a friend's room until the time. Later when a vacant room came out,Kang and his wife moved to the 7th floor".
In the movie, Koreans who tried to escape are killed by shooting from watch tower and those who try to escape by swimming are caught by lasso, however in reality,there was no watchtower or watch stander with a gun.
Probably, this would be a forgery converting the vertical coal shaft existed there for ventilation and lifting coals and workers from the basement, into the watchtower.

[Ruined vertical coal shaft in Hashima]
The propagandists call it a watchtower to snipe the fugitives.

The comfort woman who refused sexual service is slaughtered being rolled on the board of needles, but this scene must have gained the idea from the testimony of North Korean former comfort woman described in so-called "Coomaraswamy Report" submitted to the UN Commission on Human Rights.
In the movie, when the defeat of Japan becomes definite, the Japanese director plans to kill all the Koreans to destroy the evidence and orders it to the leader of pro-Japanese Koeans.
During the intense US air raid,the spy of the Korean Independence Army hiding in the forced laborers stands up and leads them to take guns to bring up a rebellion, and they fight against the Japanese army. The Japanese director is burned to death and the Korean traitor is beheaded.
However in reality,no troops were stationed in Hashima or dispatched there,only some war veterans lived.
There have been cases of injuries between the laborers,but the rebellion of them has never occurred in the history of Hashima.

[Coal carrier Hakuju-maru sunken by U.S torpedo attack]

In June,1945, a coal carrier which was at anchor in the harbor was sunk with an American torpedo,but unlike the movie,there were no intense air raids for which only Japanese fled to an air-raid shelter and abandoned Koreans were killed.
Hashima did not receive any serious attack like the mainland.
Hashima was extremely peaceful as an isolated island of the sea even during the wartime. No gunfight at all.
And in the movie, when they all escape on ship, they see the mushroom cloud of the atomic bomb dropped in Nagasaki, suggesting that the divine punishment is given to the Japanese.

[Ryoo Seung-wan]
ryoo seung-wanusotsuki

Ryoo Seung-wan, the director of this movie has made an excuse that this is not an anti-Japanese movie, but obviously this is it. And the movie was a great hit in South Korea.
The audience trembled with anger having new hatred against Japan, and gained catharsis at the end.
After all,the "Materials without suspicion", Ryoo has mentioned are just baseless books like "Crow","Chikuho-Gunkanjima" and others and the unverified Korean testimonies.

History of Truth
● Wage
There are also testimonies of Koreans that they received high wages and sent money to their families in Korea while there are testimonies of Koreans that they were not paid and treated as slaves,however,for some reason,the non-victims' testimonies have been sealed,only the testimonies of self-proclaimed victims have been noted by the activists.
There was actually no wage difference between Japanese and Koreans. The disparity only resulted from skills, qualifications, years of service.
A former Japanese islander testifies "I delivered milk to a dormitory of single Korean coal miners and they paid the money properly.If they didn't receive wages,it's impossible".
There is an article that 12 Korean coal miners were caught by the police on charges of gambling.
They could bet money because they earned wages. A number of such objective materials are existing.

[Article of Nagasaki Nichinichi Shimbun, November 26, 1938]
"12 Korean coal miners in Hashima were caught for habitual gambling of Hanafuda. They held the gambling den over 200 times,betting about 10 sen per game".

Many single Korean laborers were managed by Korean directors and lived in dormitories.
The directors received all the wages of their juniors collectively from the company and distributed the money to each of them.
If there were Korean laborers who were not really paid the wages,it is more natural to think that there was exploitation in the process. However, that is a problem between Koreans.

[Office of Hashima coal mining company around 1930]

● Role of Work
At Hashima coal mine there is a claim that Koreans and Chinese were forced to do all dangerous work, Japanese were always in a safe place, but this is also the opposite of the fact.
In a mine, all laborers share their destinies. If a cave-in accident or a gas explosion occurs,all of their lives will be at risk.
For that reason, not only in Hashima but also in other coal mines, dangerous work such as a blast of dynamite, was carried out by skilled and well-experienced Japanese who had an hazardous materials engineer' license.
Koreans and Chinese who have just come to Japan without a lot of experiences mainly worked on carrying coal mines after the dangerous work.
After many Japanese coal miners were mobilized in the war, there were cases that Koreans of old-timers instructed Japanese of newcomers.

● Fugitive
You can get an exceptional wages with work at a coal mine, but it is a tough job. For that reason, even without abuse, some miners tried to escape in the middle of the contract period even if there was a borrowing in advance from the company.
This was the same situation for both Japanese and Koreans.
Those who swam and fled have not been confirmed, but permit was required to get on a regular ship going to Nagasaki Port.
Therefore there were cases for employees with debts in the company to be unable to obtain the permit to prevent escape.
So it is true that miners tried to escape to Nagasaki by making simple rafts on rare occasions(former residents in Hashima and chief priest of senfuku temple testify they have never seen any drowned bodies).
Once a few Japanese have tried to escape on a raft, but they could not go to Nagasaki city and they drifted to the neighboring island. There is also a testimony that a Korean guy who tried to escape on props in a mine drifted to the neighboring island, and was caught in the act of stealing food.
Because the waves are rough around Hashima, in most cases, soon the fugitives returned to Hashima.
However, there was no surveillance system and there is a testimony of a Korean who enjoyed swimming on his day off when the atomic bomb was dropped in Nagasaki city.

The first iron ship built at Nagasaki Shipyard of Mitsubishi in 1887. It was in service between Nagasaki,Takashima and Hashima(the photo was taken in 1962 at the last voyage).

● Food
Of course, the meal containing a cockroach is perfect fiction.
In reality, as the battle situation got worse, the food shortage got worse too throughout Japan.
And distribution system was carried out for various kinds of food. Rice and meat became valuables, and cereals, vegetables became staple food. There was no discrimination between Japanese and Koreans in distribution and it was done by the number of family members. Koreans criticize that they were forced to work with a terrible meal,but at that time Japanese also ate the same food.

Other Propaganda Materials
Several South Korean private organizations are carrying out global anti-Japanese public relations activities with financial aid of the Korean government.
You should know that there are many fabricated materials on the Internet.

●This photograph is related to neither Koreans nor forced labor. It is a scene of open-pit mining at the Kaijima coal mine in Fukuoka.The laborers are all Japanese and you can see the Japanese women in kimono carrying coals.

●This is a picture taken at a camp in North Korea, it is completely unrelated to Japan. South Koreans even put the blame of the atrocities caused by the same race on Japan.

●This is also a photograph fabricated as Korean forced laborers by Koreans.
But the fact is this is a photograph of Japanese coal miners. It is exhibited at the Tagawa City Coal Mine Museum(right down) and Sechibaru Coal Mine Museum.
This is a photograph showing the severity of mine labor around 1920 when heat was unbearable due to bad breathability and female miners worked in half-naked too.


●In South Korea, this is widely known as graffiti left in coal mine at the time of ”forced conscription", but in reality it is staged graffiti drawn as a part of film direction when the film production team of Chosen-Souren (North Korean organization in Japan) was making a documentary. The fabrication was pointed out by a film staff long time ago, but still, Korean media is spreading it as a forced laborer's message of grief as below.

The following article is a good document proving that Koreans were not forced laborers or victims of slave labor.

[Toyo Hinode Shimbun July 11,1919]
"Wild Fight Breaks Out In Hashima Coal Mine"
A Japanese coal miner tried to surprise a napping Korean by rocking the table playfully but he tumbled down from the chair and was slightly wounded.The Japanese apologized and it was settled on the spot.But when the Japanese was going home, about 20 Koreans appeared to take him away by force. Coal miners' leader (Japanese) witnessed it and tried to arbitrate, but more Koreans gathered, shoved the leader around badly. A Japanese group who heard this disturbance came running and it was developed into a fist-swinging melee between the two sides. In this incident, there were no injuries on the Japanese side, three Japanese who injured Koreans were charged with bodily injury.


Things you can know from this article;
● Koreans were not the target of abuse by Japanese people.
● This was the biggest trouble happened between Japanese and Korean miners in the history of Hashima, thereafter there were cases of fights and injury incident between individuals, but no group brawl occurred.
●Nobody was punished on the side of the Koreans who caused the riot, but the three Japanese who hurt Koreans were prosecuted. If Koreans were slave-like laborers, it is a big contradiction. 

Article;Battleship Island,film on wartime alborers criticized for being divorced from reality
Article;Historians call Japan's Battleship Island an astonishing time capsule

【Protests from Former Islanders】
The former islanders who knew Hashima before and during the war saw the trailer of the movie "Battleship Island" and were astonished by its terribleness being against the facts.
The former islanders who felt that the honor and pride of the entire Japanese as well as the former islanders would be severely hurt throughout the world stood up, and in 2017, they established "The Hashima Islanders for Historical Truth " in order to start the information dissemination activities in English to correct Korean history distortion and forge.
They sent a protest letter saying "Inhumane acts like Holocaust had never occurred in Hashima" to an German media that reported fake news based on the Korean propaganda like "In Hashima, during the wartime, Japanese stayed in a safe place, Korean and Chinese laborers were compelled to do all the dangerous works, and more than 1000 of them died. Their dead bodies were abandoned in the sea and ruined mine".
All the videos uploaded to this page come from the website.


Moreover, at Gunkanjima Digital Museum in Nagasaki city,the former islanders convey the true history of Hashima to the Japanese visitors who almost believe in the Korean propaganda.

【Photo Collection from Japanese book "Great Hashima"】

●Hashima in early days around 1910(left).
●Construction of submarine electric cables from Takashima to Nakanoshima. Hashima can be seen in the distance in1917(right).

●Funeral held in the Southernpart of Hashima around 1915(left).
●Building of an elrmentary school on the left and a playground where children are playing.Korean children studied here with Japanese students in 1924(right).


●Newly built Hashima Elementary School in 1934(left).
●Sanjinsai,the festival of the Mine God in 1935(right).


●Commemorative photo and diploma of Hashima branch of Takashima mining kindergarten in 1943 operated by Mitsubishi. Were there any parents who raised children on Hell Island like Auschwitz?

●Hashima photographed from a US military aircraft a few years after the war.
You can see the island was not destroyed by the air raids.


[News film "Season in Islands; Gunkanjima"(English sub)]

[Hashima from the 1950's to the 1960's]
Some Korean workers remained until the 1970s before the closing of the mine.

●Miners enjoy a cigarette before entering the mine where smoking is strictly prohibited. They are frisked for cigarettes and lighters(left)
●Miners in a man car going to their work area(right).


●Boy scouts taking a tour of the underground mine in 1952(left)
●Hashima,viewed from Takashima,attacked by high waves of a typhoon(right).


●Entertainment on the eve of the 27th May day in 1956(left).
●Workers' Sports Festival at South Ground in the annual event held on November 3rd,rely race between sections is the most exciting(right).


●Hakusuien,the only socializing place for the islanders,opened in 1966(left).
●Beauty parlor in the basement of Building No.65(right).


●Commissary,the largest shopping mall in Hashima,located in the basements of Buildings of No.59 and No.60 in 1954(left).
●Opening of South Swimming Pools. Sea water is substituted for fresh water which is precious on the island in 1958(right).


●Main street of Hashima lined with apartment houses built on steep rock reef(left)
●Women walking down Main Street Hashima(right).


●Open-air market on Main Street Hashima,1955-1964(left).
●Children at the pier seeing their transferred teacher off in 1959(right).